Empowerment in Madrasah: What English Teachers Have to Say

Misdi Misdi


Empowerment is often defined by impact, competence, and meaningfulness (Frymier, Shulman, & Houser, 1996). In order to empower students, English teachers have to be empowered themselves.  However, research indicates teachers of English in madrasahs  is still underperformance. Thus, this paper is attempted to explain the aspects and factors relating to empowerment issues in the contexts of the madrasahs in Indonesia. Despite of small number of madrasah that have high qualified performances in instructional practices, public madrasahs still sound unsatisfying comparing to the secular schools. The issue of teachers and learners’ voices are still lack of attention in both school and instructional decision making. As the results, participation and engagement in English learning are still remaining less appreciation in term of meaningful learning both for teachers and students.


Keywords: empowerment, madrasah, decision-making, voice, meaningful learning, learning involvement

Full Text:



Albright, J. (2000). Working the Teacher: A case study in the politics of pedagogy. Teaching Education, 11(2), 159–178. http://doi.org/10.1080/713698972

Ali, M., Kos, J., Liezt, P., Nugroho, D., & Emilia, E. (2011). Mutu Pendidikan Madrasah: Kajian Utama. Jakarta.

Al-jawi, S. M. (2012). PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA : MASALAH DAN SOLUSINYA. In Potret Pendidikan Indonesia Antaray Konsep, Reality dan Solusi (pp. 1–8). Malang, Indonesia: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Avidov-Ungar, O., Friedman, I., & Olshtain, E. (2014). Empowerment amongst teachers holding leadership positions. Teachers and Teaching, 20(6), 704–720. http://doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2014.885706

Duhon-Haynes, G. M. (1996). Student Empowerment: Definition, Implication and Strategies for Implementation. In Third World Symposium (p. 8). Grambling: Grambling State University.

Frymier, A. B., & Houser, M. L. (1999). The revised learning indicators scale. Communication Studies, 50(1), 1–12. http://doi.org/10.1080/10510979909388466

Frymier, A. B., Shulman, G. M., & Houser, M. (1996). The development of a learner empowerment measure 1. Communication Education, 45(3), 181–199. http://doi.org/10.1080/03634529609379048

Handoko. (2014). Empowering the reading readability. Lingua, 9(1).

Kemenag. (2013, August). Menag: Kemenag Terus Tingkatkan Kualitas Madrasah. Kemenag. Bandung.

Kemenag RI. (n.d.). Deskriptif Statistik Pendidikan Madrasah. Retrieved from http://pendis.kemenag.go.id/file/dokumen/deskripmadrasah.pdf

Larson, K. R. (2014). Critical Pedagogy(ies) for ELT in Indonesia. Teaching Education, 25(1), 122–138.

Marwan, A. (2015). Empowering English through project-based learning with ICT. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 14(4), 28–37.

Misdi. (2016a). Engaging English Learners through Edmodo: A Path for Empowering English Learners througgh Blended Learning. In 2016 i-TELL Conference. Salatiga: Department of English Education Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana.

Misdi. (2016b). Reflective Practices: A Path for Teacher Empowerment. In Unswagati One-day English Conference. Department of English Education University of Swadaya Gunung Jati.

Misdi, Hartini, N., & Mahaputri, R. (2015). Empowerment in Madrasahs: Sound from English Language Teacher. In The First International Conference on Linguistics and Language Teaching (pp. 411–416). Yogyakarka: Yogyakarta State University Press.

Musthafa, B. (2001). Communicative Language Teaching in Indonesia: Issues of Theoretical Assumptions and Challenges in Classroom Practice. Journal of Southeast Asian Education, 2(2), 296–308.

Nurkamto, J. (2009). PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME GURU MELALUI “ REFLECTIVE TEACHING .” In Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar UNS (pp. 1–10). Surakarta: Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Robinson, A. H. (1994). The Ethnography of Empowerment : The Transformative Power of Classroom Interaction. Washington DC, London: The Falmer Press.

Sanaky, H. A. (2005). Sertifikasi dan Profesionalisme Guru di Era Reformasi Pendidikan. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2 Mei.

Short, P. M. (1994). Defining Teacher Empowerment. Education, 114(4), 488.

Stone, S. J. (1995). Empowering teachers, empowering children. Childhood Education, 71(5), 294.

Wasserman, S. (1991). Louis E . Raths : Theories of Empowerment. Childhood Education, 67(4), 235–239.

Widihartanti, T. (2014). The Application of Project-Based Learning (PBL) in Empowering English Performance and Basic Entrepreneurship. Parafrase, 14(02), 73–82.

Yulia, Y. (2013). Teaching Challenges in Indonesia: Motivating Students and Teachers’ Classroom Language. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 3(1).

Zimmerman, M. A. (1995). Psychological empowerment: Issues and illustrations. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23(5), 581–599. http://doi.org/10.1007/BF02506983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33603/perspective.v5i1.551


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments