Peran Mekanisme Corporate governance dalam Penentuan Leverage Perusahaan Pertambangan di Indonesia

Kayati Kayati, Apri Dwi Astuti, Agung Yulianto

Abstract


Abstract

The decision of capital structure is one of the strategic policies that must be considered by the management of the company, where the alternative source of funding taken can benefit the company. The purpose of this article is to test how the role of corporate governance mechanism includes board size and audit committee in determining the debt level of the mining company. The sample in this study is a mining company listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2012-2015. The data analysis technique used in this study is a regression analysis that begins with a classic assumption test. The study shows that the board size affects leverage, while the Audit Committee does not affect leverage. This result means that the board size is effective in corporate policy, especially with regards to the company's capital structure decisions. But on the other hand, monitoring of the audit committee can be said to be quite effective so that the company does not take any policy that will affect the over-levered condition. The impact of the research is that the company can optimize the decision of capital structure, especially in the determination of the portion of external funding source in the form of debt, so that it can avoid the default debt condition and it increases company value.

Keywords: Audit committee; Board size; Leverage

 

Abstrak

Keputusan struktur modal merupakan salah satu kebijakan strategis yang harus dipertimbangkan oleh manajemen perusahaan, dimana alternatif sumber pendanaan yang diambil dapat memberikan keuntungan bagi perusahaan. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menguji bagaimana peran mekanisme corporate governance mencakup board size dan komite audit dalam penentuan tingkat hutang perusahaan pertambangan. Sampel dalam studi ini adalah perusahaan pertambangan yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia tahun 2012-2015. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam studi ini adalah analisis regresi yang diawali dengan uji asumsi klasik. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa board size berpengaruh terhadap leverage, sedangkan komite audit tidak berpengaruh terhadap leverage. Artinya, board size berperan efektif dalam kebijakan perusahaan terutama yang berkaitan dengan keputusan struktur modal perusahaan. Namun di sisi lain, monitoring komite audit dapat dikatakan cukup efektif sehingga perusahaan tidak mengambil kebijakan yang akan berdampak pada kondisi over-levered. Dampak dari hasil penelitian tersebut adalah perusahaan mampu mengoptimalkan keputusan struktur modal, terutama dalam penentuan porsi sumber pendanaan eksternal berupa hutang, sehingga dapat terhindar dari kondisi debt default serta berpotensi dapat meningkatkan nilai perusahaan

Kata kunci: Board size; Komite audit; Leverage


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33603/jka.v3i2.2561

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